Familial and Social Factors of Delayed Relapse among Male Heroin Addicts
MS/M.Phil. Clinical & Counseling Psychology (2009-2011)
Supervisor: Dr. Ruhi Khalid
This research aimed at identifying the familial and social factors leading to heroin addiction and relapse. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the participants. The sample comprised of 20 participants (10 males with early relapse and 10 males with delayed relapse) and their ages ranged from 20 to 50 years. The participants were contacted from Addiction Unit of a public sector hospital. To cover the cultural perspective of Pakistan, a semi-structured interview was designed to explore the factors leading to addiction and relapse. Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ) was administered to study the impact of social support on relapse. Interviews revealed that friends with heroin addiction were the major source of addiction. Family environment and healthy relationships helped to stay abstained for longer period, whereas addicts who had deteriorated relationships tended to experience early relapse. Results also showed that participants who had delayed relapse were more satisfied with their social support.
Stress and Coping in Mothers of Autistic Children
B.Sc. Applied Psychology (2007-2011)
Supervisors: Dr. Ruhi Khalid & Dr. Farhat Nadeem
The present research analyzed the relationship between stress and coping in mothers of autistic children. Child domain stress, parent domain stress, familial coping, social coping, consultation coping and socio-demographic characters were also examined in Pakistani mothers of autistic children. Sample consisted of 30 mothers of autistic children who were contacted in a private special education training centre. Stress in mothers was measured with Parenting Stress Index and coping was assessed by using Coping Health Inventory of Parents. Moreover, psychosocial factors were measured by using Demographic Information Questionnaire. Results suggested non-significant differences in child domain stress and parent domain stress of the mothers regarding severe and mild autism. Moreover, parent domain stress significantly and directly correlated with child domain stress. Mothers having children with delayed diagnosis scored significantly higher on child domain stress as compared to early-diagnosed ones. The study has implications for special care settings.